Siehe dazu ausführlich Karnow, S. (): Vietnam. Involviert waren die US-Armee, die Armee der Republik Vietnam sowie Kämpfer der Nationalen. In dieser Phase des Kriegs begannen immer mehr Soldaten der südvietnamesischen Armee zu desertieren. Ende waren es rund Mann. des enormen technischen und personellen Aufwands konnten die USA und die südvietnamesische Armee den von weiten Teilen der Bevöl- kerung getragenen. <
Vietnamesische MarineAls Vietnamesische Volksarmee werden die Streitkräfte der Sozialistischen Republik Vietnam bezeichnet. Südvietnam. Die letzte Einheit amerikanischer Soldaten verließ das Land am März Sowohl Nord- als auch Südvietnam widersprachen immer noch. Bei dem Rückzug der USA aus Vietnam hatte die südvietnamesische Marine Soldaten und Schiffe. Die Reduktion der US Unterstützung.
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The PAVN is also involved in such areas as industry, agriculture, forestry , fishery and telecommunications.
The PAVN has numerous small firms which have become quite profitable in recent years. However, recent decrees have effectively prohibited the commercialisation of the military.
Conscription is in place for every male, age 18 to 25 years old, though females can volunteer to join.
Apart from its occupation of half of the disputed Spratly Islands , which have been claimed as Vietnamese territory since the 17th century, Vietnam has not officially had forces stationed internationally since its withdrawal from Cambodia and Laos in early In , Vietnam had requested to join the United Nations peacekeeping force , which was later approved.
However, military policy is ultimately directed by the Central Military Commission of the ruling Communist Party of Vietnam.
As with most countries' armed forces, the PAVN consists of standing, or regular, forces as well as reserve forces.
During peacetime, the standing forces are minimised in number, and kept combat-ready by regular physical and weapons training, and stock maintenance.
Within PAVN the Ground Forces have not been established as a full Service Command, thus all of the ground troops, army corps, military districts, specialised arms belong to the Ministry of Defence , under the direct command of the General Staff.
The following military regions are under the direct control of the General Staff and the Ministry of Defence:. The Main Force of the PAVN consists of combat ready troops, as well as support units such as educational institutions for logistics, officer training, and technical training.
In , Conboy et al. Formations , according to the IISS, include 8 military regions, 4 corps headquarters, 1 special forces airborne brigade, 6 armoured brigades and 3 armoured regiments, two mechanised infantry divisions, and 23 active infantry divisions plus another 9 reserve ones.
Combat support formations include 13 artillery brigades and one artillery regiment, 11 air defence brigades, 10 engineers brigades, 1 electronic warfare unit, 3 signals brigades and 2 signals regiment.
Combat service support formations include 9 economic construction divisions, 1 logistical regiment, 1 medical unit and 1 training regiment.
Ross wrote in that economic construction division "are composed of regular troops that are fully trained and armed, and reportedly they are surbordinate to their own directorate in the Ministry of Defense.
They have specific military missions; however, they are also entrusted with economic tasks such as food production or construction work.
They are composed partially of older veterans. In , the listing was amended, with the addition of a single Short-range ballistic missile brigade.
The combat forces of the corps include:. Stationed in Pleiku , Gia Lai. Local forces are an entity of the PAVN that, together with the militia and "self-defence forces," act on the local level in protection of people and local authorities.
As mentioned above, reserves exist in all branches and are organised in the same way as the standing forces, with the same chain of command , and with officers and non-commissioned officers.
From the s to , the Soviet Union , along with some smaller Eastern Bloc countries, was the main supplier of military hardware to North Vietnam.
After the latter's victory in the war, it remained the main supplier of equipment to Vietnam. The United States had been the primary supplier of equipment to South Vietnam; much of the equipment left by the U.
Now, Russia remains the biggest arms-supplier for Vietnam; even after , there are also increasing arms sales from other nations, notably from India , Turkey , Israel , Japan , South Korea and France.
In , President Barack Obama announced the lift of the lethal weapons embargo on Vietnam, which has increased Vietnamese military equipment choices from other countries such as the United States , United Kingdom and other Western countries, which could enable a faster modernization of the Vietnamese military.
Despite Russia remaining Vietnam's largest weapon supplier, increasing cooperation with Israel has resulted in the development of Vietnamese weaponry with a strong mixture of Russian and Israeli weapons.
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Main article: Vietnamese military ranks and insignia. The Military Balance Bis zum Ende der er-Jahre blieben rund Stand: Ende .
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